With more than 6.4 billion smartphone users globally, it is no wonder that the mobile application industry is flourishing. The mobile app tradition and smartphone infiltration are still mounting at a firm rate, without any signs of decelerating down in the predictable future.
Did you know that more than 218 billion different mobile applications were downloaded in 2020? According to research, 88% of mobile time is consumed on different applications. By 2023, mobile apps are anticipated to produce more than $935.2 billion in revenue.
Mobile app development is the foundation of the mobile trade. It has grown enormously since its commencement in 2008 and now makes up approximately 96% of the smartphone industry share.
If you are looking to tap into the aggressive and profitable mobile application development market, learning programming in any of the best mobile app development languages is crucial.
More than 6,900 languages exist globally, but only a few can help to create mobile apps. An acquaintance of these languages will permit you to be more operable and practical with programming languages for app development.
Mobile app creation and programming languages for app development have an incredibly bright future. However, the days of businesses overlooking mobile users are long gone! Having earlier conceded a substantial milestone, if your business is not mobile-ready, you can be in severe today.
With the average smartphone owner using ten different mobile apps daily, your business needs to build a mobile app to entice users' consideration. In that case, you need to focus on picking the accurate expertise and mobile app development language to develop a powerful, creative, and user-friendly app.
With various programming languages for app development to choose from, you need to contemplate various factors. Before deciding to build the most innovative mobile app, this shall include the pros and cons and the programming language's fame.
Best Mobile App Development Languages
With the surge of the mobile application industry, it is no surprise that more businesses are developing mobile apps for their users. However, it isn't easy to understand which programming language will work best for your business with hundreds of app development languages and frameworks.
The best languages for mobile app development are:
- Kotlin (More than 1.5 million users)
- Java (More than 10 million users)
- C++ (Approximately 5.4 million users)
- Python (More than 8 million users)
- C# (Approximately 6.2 million users)
Let us take a detailed look at all the five programming languages for mobile app development mentioned above.
1. Kotlin Programming Language
Kotlin is an open-source, inanimately captured programming language that JetBrains developed. Kotlin offers a brief code composition that makes it one of the most dominant picks for Android mobile application developers.
- Simpler to read code.
- Less effusive.
- A brief set of libraries.
- Informal refactoring.
- Quicker assembling time.
Significant Features of Kotlin
- Kotlin is efficient in that it codes your mobile app easily as the syntax is intuitive and lean.
- Kotlin allows you to enhance additional features to your prevailing application, making it simple for you to complement modest yet inspiring features.
- Kotlin certifies that each variable works as a non-null, tumbling the number of crashes at runtime.
Advantages of Kotlin
There are plenty of advantages of picking Kotlin over other programming languages. First, Kotlin is a contemporary programming language without too much obsolete gear. This means there are fewer flukes and reduced perplexing features.
It is an accumulated language, and you will have an easier time ascending your application to various platforms or devices, even to the mobile applications written in Java. Some of the other advantages of developing mobile app using Kotlin are:
- Maximize the productivity
- Works with existing java code
- It can be easily maintained
- Less buggy
- Easy to learn
- Null safety and lambdas
- Merges functional programming
- Merges procedural programming
Disadvantages of Kotlin
Kotlin is considered to be a great programming language to develop Android applications. It is briefer and type-safer than Java. But there are some disadvantages of utilizing Kotlin as your prime mobile app development programming language.
Kotlin is supported on new devices for a specific time and can be difficult to debug. It has had affinity problems with older Android versions and the tackles used for building Android applications. The most common disadvantages of developing mobile app using Kotlin are:
- Kotlin minimal learning opportunities
- Different from Java
- Difficult to debug
- Compilation speed
- Fewer kotlin professionals
- Limited sources to learn
2. Java Programming Language
Java is the most common multipurpose object-oriented programming language (OOP language) used for developing android applications. It is used by 35.35% of developers across the globe. Java is also used to build desktop and web applications. In addition, it is a platform-autonomous universal language used for programming. Therefore, it has been a prevalent choice of language in several enterprises for decades.
Most organizations have implemented it owing to its permanence. As a result, approximately 15 billion devices are using Java.
Java is popular due to its simplicity and availability of resources. Moreover, it is simple to get started with Java because it is one of the most commonly used mobile app development programming languages.
Significant Features of Java
- Java is a multi-pattern, feature-rich, inferred, and dominant programming language that provides great efficiency for developers.
- Due to its regressive compatibility, Java is a substantial enterprise application necessity.
- Consistent updates make Java the number one choice of developers.
The runtime of Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is the best amongst Virtual Machines in the Information Technology business.
Advantages of Java
Java is the best choice for mobile app developers looking to work with Android app development. Along with Kotlin, Java offers the best affinity for applications on Android devices. If you plan to release your application on the Play Store, you must make sure that it is well-suited to all mobile devices. Some other advantages of the Java programming language are:
- Automatic garbage collection.
- Cheap and economical to maintain.
- High-level programming language.
- Secure language
- Robust and stable.
- Platform independent.
- Supports portability features
- Supports multithreading
- Efficient memory allocation strategy.
Disadvantages of Java
Despite being one of the most prevalent mobile application development programming languages globally, Java has many disadvantages. The major problem is that Java is hard to learn and entails years of practice to be effective. It also provides many libraries, which makes it tough to acquire. Some other disadvantages of the Java programming language are:
- Accessibility of templates.
- Costly memory supervision
- Sluggish is equated to other languages like c and c++.
- Poor and slow performance.
- Unattractive look and feel of GUI
- No backup facility.
- Complex codes.
3. C++ Programming Language
C++ is considered one of the top programming languages for building Android applications as it bids a comprehensible composition and is reckless. C++ is operated by 24.31% of developers and is utilized in other businesses like game development, machine learning, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and mobile apps.
Additionally, Swift programming language, premeditated by Apple as a descendant of Objective-C, was severely inclined by C++. The major benefit of C++ is that it can be utilized to develop both Android and iOS applications. Furthermore, C++ has numerous features that make it flawless for developing intuitive interfaces.
Significant Features of C++
- C++ is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that benefits modularization and preserves databases competently.
- C++ engages the attitude of WORA (Write Once, Run Anywhere).
- C++ is user-friendly and offers an organized and inclusive approach.
Advantages of C++
C++ is a mobile app development programming language that has existed since 1979 and remains prevalent because it can be assembled for several diverse platforms. Unfortunately, it is also one of the most reckless languages for building Android applications because it utilizes less RAM.
It is one of the most commonly used languages globally for building mobile applications. Some of the other advantages of the C++ programming language include:
- Low-level manipulation
- Memory management
- Large community support
- Compatibility with C
Disadvantages of C++
C++ is considered to be the toughest application development language to acquire. C++ is a traditional app development programming language with several versions, each with diverse compositions and configurations.
The various syntax is a huge hindrance for building Android applications. Unrelatedly, C++ is still utilized in the industry by well-known specialists. Some of the other disadvantages of the C++ programming language include:
- Absence of garbage collector
- Absence of built-in thread
- Security issue
- Use of pointers
4. C# Programming Language
Microsoft developed C# in 2000 to fruition the C and C++ programming languages. It was developed as a strong and modern programming language to build different applications, including desktop, mobile, and web apps. C#, one of the most prevalent programming languages, is used by 27.86% of Android app developers due to its easiness and influence.
C# was designed to let developers inscribe their codes in a modest and specific style that other developers can read and understand. With this basic composition, it is simple for anyone to twitch programming code without having sufficient information about different codes.
Significant Features of C#
- C# is a .NET programming language that provisions seamless integration.
- C# has robust variables of ancient data types.
- C# has structures like Possessions and Indexers.
C# is a strong OOP mobile app development language that Microsoft designed. It functions on the shared language runtime that means it can be customized on several stages. C# is considered one of the most overall picks for mobile app developers due to its flexibility and capacity to be cross-compiled to run on any stage.
Some of the other advantages of the C# programming language include:
- Purely object-oriented
- Less problematic
- Easy to develop
- Distributed system
C# is not without its liabilities. It is a statically captured app development language which means that variables, approaches, and other mechanisms are static when twisted. Some of the other disadvantages of the C# programming language are:
- Not the absolute best
- Dependent on the .NET platform
- Hard learning curve
5. Python Programming Language
Python is one of the simplest and most influential languages to work with. Python can be used as a universal language for website and application development and data analysis. In addition, it can help to build a framework for any application's requirements.
Python uses modest and upfront syntax that makes it simple for app developers to work with. Some acquainted applications that use Python are:
Python is an open-source mobile app development language that is very simple to acquire and organize. Therefore, it is considered one of the finest languages to acquire for app development as it is widely utilized to develop ascendable applications. Moreover, Python has a load of libraries that make it simpler than ever before to develop a flawless mobile app. These libraries contain:
- REST API
- XCode (for iOS)
- Interface Builder (for Android)
- WebSocket API
Significant Features of Python:
- Modest, sophisticated, creative, and powerful design is Python's unique selling point (USP).
- It is the typical bar set for developer understanding and has modified various programming languages.
- It is one of the most efficient backend languages for website and application building that has seamless integration with C and C++ programming languages.
- It can also divest the CPU's heavy tasks to C or C++ in a unified manner.
Advantages of Python
Python is a general-purpose mobile app development language that is simple to acquire and has an understandable interface. Python, in several ways, is observed as the "set of steps" of app development programming languages. It has been developed to style your programming expedition instinctive and more spontaneous. Some of the other advantages of Python are:
- It provisions multiple platforms and structures.
- It progresses the efficiency of developers and programmers.
- Determined by object-oriented programming (OOP)
- It provides an extensive range of provision libraries.
- Let's certainly scale composite web applications.
- It emphasizes the readability of the code.
Disadvantages of Python
Unlike other programming languages, Python also has drawbacks. It is easy for students to acquire because it has fewer guidelines and is simple to deliver. You can develop programs with less coding, which decreases the stint required for coding. Some of the other disadvantages of the Python programming language are:
- Not an ideal language for computation.
- It has a prehistoric database that is immature.
- Not Memory Efficient
- Slow Speed
- Runtime Errors
- Weak in Mobile Computing
There are hundreds of programming languages globally, and many of them are used as mobile app development languages. While some are easy to learn, others might be slightly difficult. In addition, each programming language has its pros and cons, as discussed above.
As a mobile app developing language, Kotlin is rapidly gaining appreciation as it assembles Java bytecode and lets Java code be assorted with Kotlin code. Kotlin also has various structures that make it easier and more appealing for developers than Java.
With approximately 7 billion mobile users globally, mobile app development has become a vast occupation in the last five years. As a result, there are tons of android and iOS operating systems existing currently, and innovative ones are approaching out all the time.
With more than 2.5 million applications instantly accessible on app stores globally, it is imperative to distinguish which languages are most prevalent for developing mobile applications.